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Other Recovery Act Issues

Here are some of the main Recovery Act funding areas not covered in our other subject pages.

Broadband Internet Access

$4.7 billion is made available to the Commerce Department's National Telecommunications and Information Administration, mostly for competitive grants to promote the spread of broadband internet access to underserved areas. Another $2.5 billion is made available to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Utilities Service for loans and discretionary grants to encourage the development of broadband infrastructure, mainly in rural areas.

Health Information Technology and Public Health

The Recovery Act incorporates the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, which is designed to promote the adoption of computerized medical records and the creation of a national health information network for the secure exchange of electronic health information among providers. The Act provides for financial incentives to Medicare providers that become "meaningful users" of electronic health record technology over the next few years. The Congressional Budget Office estimates the net cost of the incentives and administrative expenses at $20.8 billion.

Public health provisions of the Act include $2.5 billion in competitive grants for community health centers, of which $1.5 billion is for construction and renovation, and $500 million is for projects that address workforce shortages in health professions. The Act also creates a $1 billion Prevention and Wellness Fund under which the Department of Health and Human Services will issue discretionary grants

Housing & Urban Development

$4 billion to public housing authorities for rehabilitating and retrofitting public housing units. Of that amount, $3 billion will be distributed through formula funding and the rest in competitive grants, with priority given to projects that involve enhance energy conservation.

$2.25 billion to the HOME Investment Partnership Program, which provides formula funding to states and localities for affordable housing and direct rental assistance to low-income families.

$2.25 billion in loans and discretionary grants for energy improvements to housing units covered by the Section 8 subsidy program for low-income families as well as subsidized housing for the elderly and the disabled.

$2 billion for Neighborhood Stabilization Program competitive grants to states, local governments and non-profits for projects that rehabilitate and resell abandoned or foreclosed housing units.

$1.5 billion in formula funding through the Homelessness Prevention Fund for rehabilitation or remodeling of buildings used as homeless shelters as well as rental assistance and other direct services for families at risk of becoming homeless.

$1 billion in additional Community Development Block Grant formula funding for housing and development projects that primarily benefit low-income persons.

Public Safety

$2 billion for Byrne/Justice Assistance Grants formula funding to states, which then subgrant the money for a wide range of crime-control and criminal justice purposes. An additional $225 million is provided for competitive grants under the program.

$1 billion for the Community Oriented Policing Service (COPS) program to use for competitive grants to support the hiring of additional law enforcement officers.

$1 billion to the Transportation Security Administration for discretionary grants to help airports install explosives detection systems.

$300 million in formula grants for transit security and port security.

$225 million for formula and discretionary grants by the Justice Department's Office on Violence Against Women.

Research & Science

$8.2 billion to the National Institutes of Health for discretionary grants.

$2.5 billion to the National Science Foundation.

$1.1 billion to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for comparative effectiveness research.

Small Business

$630 million for small business loans and loan guarantees.

Recovery Zone Bonds

The Act authorizes the issuance of $10 billion in Recovery Zone Economic Development Bonds and $15 billion in Recovery Zone Facility Bonds to finance infrastructure projects, job training and economic development in areas with significant levels of poverty, unemployment or home forecloses. The cost to the federal government in lost revenue on tax-exempt interest is estimated at $5.4 billion. For more on ARRA bond issues, see Bonds and the Recovery Act, published by Good Jobs New York in January 2010.

Resources

Broadband Internet Access

National Telecommunications and Information Administration webpage on broadband grants

Rural Utilities Service webpage on broadband grants

Broadband USA is a federal portal for broadband grant applicants that includes a database of applications

U.S. Government Accountability Office, Recovery Act: Agencies are Addressing Broadband Program Challenges, but Actions are Needed to Improve Implementation, November 2009; online here.

Congressional Research Service, Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, March 20, 2009; earlier version (March 12) is online here.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Office of Inspector General, Audit Report: Rural Utilities Service Broadband Loan and Loan Guarantee Program, March 2009; online here.

U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Inspector General, NTIA Should Apply Lessons Learned from Public Safety Interoperable Communications Program to Ensure Sound Management and Timely Execution of $4.7 Billion Broadband Technology Opportunities Program, March 2009; online here.

Progressive States Network page on broadband and economic recovery

Health Information Technology and Public Health

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Recovery Act webpage

Congressional Research Service, The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, February 23, 2009; online here.

Congressional Research Service, Selected Health Funding in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, February 20, 2009; online here.

Progressive States Network page on resources for using ARRA to address health inequality

Progressive States Network page on ARRA and children's health insurance

Housing & Urban Development

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Recovery Act webpage

National Low Income Housing Coalition Recovery Act webpage

National Housing Trust Recovery Act webpage

Enterprise Community Partners Recovery Act webpage

Local Initiatives Support Corporation, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009: Community Development Highlights, March 6, 2009; online here.

Public Safety

U.S. Department of Justice Recovery Act webpage

U.S. Department of Homeland Security Recovery Act webpage

Science and Research

U.S. Government Accountability Office, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: GAO's Role in Helping to Ensure Accountability and Transparency for Science Funding, Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the House Committee on Science and Technology, GAO-09-515T, March 19, 2009; online here.

Small Business

Small Business Administration Recovery Act webpage

Congressional Research Service, Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, February 25, 2009; online here.

Government Accountability Office, Small Business Administration's Implementation of Administrative Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, GAO-09-507R, April 16, 2009; online here.